how was cyprus formed?

About 90 million years ago, Cyprus was part of the bottom of a deep ocean, called the Tethys. Tectonic movements at that time caused the collision of the African plate with the Eurasian plate, which eventually gave rise to the island. A green and golden leaf thrown into the sea and a land of "wild climate and volcanoes, in the words of the Greek Cypriot poet Leonidas Malenis, Cyprus comprises high mountains, fertile valleys and wide beaches. Today, Cyprus is a popular tourist destination for visitors from Europe, favoured by honeymooners (as befits the legendary home of Aphrodite, the ancient Greek goddess of love), birdwatchers attracted by the island's diversity of migratory species and other holidaymakers.

Cyprus lies about 40 miles (65 km) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 km) west of Syria and 480 miles (770 km) southeast of mainland Greece. Cyprus, in Greek Kípros, in Turkish Kıbrıs, is an island in the eastern Mediterranean known since ancient times for its mineral wealth, its superb wines and produce, and its natural beauty. The rugged island of Cyprus resembles a saucepan, with the handle extending northeastward from the main part. In 1960, Cyprus became independent from Britain (it had been a crown colony since 192) as the Republic of Cyprus.

Settled for more than 10 millennia, Cyprus lies at a cultural, linguistic and historical crossroads between Europe and Asia. The Turkish Cypriot state made a unilateral declaration of independence in 1983 and adopted the name Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Latisha Busler
Latisha Busler

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