Recognised only by Turkey, Northern Cyprus is considered by all other states as part of the Republic of Cyprus. Between northern Cyprus and the rest of the island lies a UN-controlled buffer zone dividing Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both sides. Fearing the unification of Cyprus with Greece, Turkey sent troops to the northern part of the island, allegedly to protect Turkish Cypriot interests. Although not recognised by any other country except Turkey, northern Cyprus has all the trappings of a modern democratic state, including a parliament and a president.
The coup against the Cypriot government was unsuccessful, but Turkey had already occupied a third of the island and proceeded to impose partition of the island roughly along the Green Line. The de facto state was proclaimed in 1983, nine years after Turkey invaded the northern part of Cyprus. In 2003 it founded the Peace and Democracy Movement in support of the UN Annan Plan for a united Cyprus within the European Union, and has also advocated a policy of greater political independence from Turkey. The population of northern Cyprus is believed to be around 300,000, but there is speculation that as many as 500,000 may live there, many of whom are people from Turkey who settled in northern Cyprus after the Turkish invasion, as well as their descendants.
Eight years later, the creation of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was formally proclaimed, although no other country but Turkey was willing to recognise it. It is called the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, but is only recognised as legitimate by Turkey itself. Cyprus has been divided since 1974, when Turkey invaded the north in response to a military coup on the island supported by the Greek government. Turkey exercises significant power over northern Cyprus in matters related to defence and foreign policy.